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Part 1 – Introducing 16 new alternative spellings

The next 16 alternative spellings are taught. The teaching continues in a similar way to the previous steps.

Part 1: Introducing 16 new alternative spellings

 

By Step 5, virtually all the children know how to read: that is, how to work out new words that have not been read before. At this stage, the children are usually at the end of their first year of being taught synthetic phonics or, if taught at a slightly slower pace, more like the middle part of their second year. However, there are still words that cannot be read because they use alternative spellings that have not yet been taught. So the aim in Step 5 is to plug that gap and for every child to:

 

  • learn another 16 new alternative spellings, as well as revising the previous ones,
  • read and write words that use the new alternative spellings, and the previous ones,
  • read and spell 20  new tricky words,
  • read more decodable books, with free choice being offered to children who are confident and fluent readers,
  • and write independently, with dictation being used where necessary.

 

The 18 new alternative spellings introduced in Step 5 are:

 

ay as /ai/                oy as /oi/                y as /ie/                    ea as /ee/

play                          toy                         fly                             eat

 

igh as /ie/                ow as /oa/                ow as /ou/                   ir as /er/

night                         snow                        brown                           bird

 

ur as /er/                 ew as /ue/                 au as /or/                   aw as /or/

   turn                          few                         launch                          saw

 

al as /or/                 ph as /f/                     soft c /s/                     soft g /j/

talk                         elephant                       space                         page

 

Most children, by now, will be reading decodable books steadily, with growing confidence and enjoyment. Some children will be reading extremely fluently, including their own books at home, and some children will need support. That is the usual range in a class. The children who need support just need more practice at learning the letter sounds, and how to blend and segment them, than the other children.

 

The whole-class teaching for Step 5 continues in a similar way to the previous steps.

  • Step 5 - Letter Sounds

    The letter sounds taught in Step 5 are provided. They can be used as flash cards to help the children remember the sounds linked to the letters.

  • Step 5 - Letter Sounds - print letters

    The letter sounds taught in Step 5 are provided. They can be used as flash cards to help the children remember the sounds linked to the letters.

  • Step 5 - Letter Sounds

    The letter sounds taught in Step 5 are provided. They can be used as flash cards to help the children remember the sounds linked to the letters.

  • Step 5 - Letter Sounds - print letters

    The letter sounds taught in Step 5 are provided. They can be used as flash cards to help the children remember the sounds linked to the letters.

  • Step 5 - Word Bank

    The words from the Word Bank can be printed on coloured card, cut up and used for blending practice. As each new letter sound is taught then more words become available for blending.

  • Step 5 - Word Bank - print letters

    The words from the Word Bank can be printed on colored card, cut up and used for blending practice. As each new letter sound is taught then more words become available for blending.

  • Step 5 - Tricky Words - reading - b&w

    Tricky Words are frequently used words that either use alternative spellings that have not been taught yet or they are irregular. They can be blended but give the wrong pronunciation. The children have to remember the correct pronunciation and learn the unusual letter-sound correspondences.

  • Step 5 - Tricky Words - reading - colour

    Tricky Words are frequently used words that either use alternative spellings that have not been taught yet or they are irregular. They can be blended but give the wrong pronunciation. The children have to remember the correct pronunciation and learn the unusual letter-sound correspondences.

  • Step 5 -TW_reading_b&w_print letters

    Tricky Words are frequently used words that either use alternative spellings that have not been taught yet or they are irregular. They can be blended but give the wrong pronunciation. The children have to remember the correct pronunciation and learn the unusual letter-sound correspondences.

  • Step 5 -TW_reading_color - print letters

    Tricky Words are frequently used words that either use alternative spellings that have not been taught yet or they are irregular. They can be blended but give the wrong pronunciation. The children have to remember the correct pronunciation and learn the unusual letter-sound correspondences.

  • Step 5 - Tricky Words - writing - b&w

    Tricky Words are frequently used words that either use alternative spellings that have not been taught yet or they are irregular. The children have to learn the awkward part for spelling. These sheets allow the children to practise writing the tricky words, using the Look, Cover, Write & Check method.

  • Step 5 - Tricky Words - writing - colour

    Tricky Words are frequently used words that either use alternative spellings that have not been taught yet or they are irregular. The children have to learn the awkward part for spelling. These sheets allow the children to practise writing the tricky words, using the Look, Cover, Write & Check method.

  • Step 5 - Tricky Words - writing - b&w - print letters

    Tricky Words are frequently used words that either use alternative spellings that have not been taught yet or they are irregular. The children have to learn the awkward part for spelling. These sheets allow the children to practise writing the tricky words, using the Look, Cover, Write & Check method.

  • Step 5 - Tricky Words - writing - color - print letters

    Tricky Words are frequently used words that either use alternative spellings that have not been taught yet or they are irregular. The children have to learn the awkward part for spelling. These sheets allow the children to practise writing the tricky words, using the Look, Cover, Write & Check method.

  • Step 5 - Sentences

    These sentences only use the letter sounds taught in Steps 1- 5 and the tricky words 1 - 60. At this stage they are particularly useful for the children who need extra practice reading sentences that use the letter sounds and tricky words taught in Step 5.

  • Step 5 - Sentences - printed letters

    These sentences only use the letter sounds taught in Steps 1- 5 and the tricky words 1 - 60. At this stage they are particularly useful for the children who need extra practice reading sentences that use the letter sounds and tricky words taught in Step 5.