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Part 5 – Conclusion

The advantages of synthetic phonics and knowing how the vowels work are summarized in this conclusion.

 

Part 5:

 

In conclusion:

 

  • Synthetic-phonics teaching enables children to work out new words for reading and writing. By starting in a simple way, the children learn how to decode and encode words that follow reliable patterns. This strong foundation gives them confidence and enables them to become skilled at blending and segmenting new words.
  • Then, gradually, over several years, the rules linked to the vowels can be introduced, mainly with the aim of making spelling easier for the children. By talking about the vowels and showing how they usually work, the children develop a greater interest in spelling. They become more aware of the patterns linked to certain groups of words and they adjust to the fact that there are many ways of representing some sounds, as well as a few rules linked to the vowels that are not totally reliable. They know that the spelling of a word could be fraize, phraze or phrase and they can try writing it in different ways to see if that will help [demonstration]. Either the children write what they think it will be or they look it up in a dictionary. If their dictionary skills are not good enough, they would need to seek help from someone who does know the spelling.
  • Spelling is and always will be much harder than reading, especially as our English alphabetic code is complicated. Spelling is much more dependent on having sufficient phonic knowledge, grouping words that follow certain patterns, reading a great deal, and devoting time to practising awkward spellings. The essential aspect for children, when writing new words, is to listen for the sounds in the words and to use their phonic knowledge to guide their choice of letters to represent the sounds.
  • The children who read a great deal tend to know whether the word looks correct or not. They use a mixture of the phonic knowledge they have been taught and their good visual memory of the words that they have read several times before. It usually takes many years to become good at spelling. The more the children understand about the alphabetic code and how the vowels work, the easier it is for them to spell words accurately.

 

And that concludes the teaching on this section.

 

  • Words ending in 'y' with an /ee/ sound

    This is a useful set of words for blending practice. Care should be taken to give the children only the words that use the letter sounds that have been taught.

  • Words ending in 'y' with an /ee/ sound - print letters

    This is a useful set of words for blending practice. Care should be taken to give the children only the words that use the letter sounds that have been taught.

  • CRE Spelling Rules Booklet

    These pages can be downloaded and made into a booklet. On some printers each page has to be printed one at a time and back-to-back.

  • Words ending in 'er'.

    This is a useful set of words for blending practice. Care should be taken to give the children only the words that use the letter sounds that have been taught.

  • Words ending in 'er' - print letters

    This is a useful set of words for blending practice. Care should be taken to give the children only the words that use the letter sounds that have been taught.

  • Words ending in '-le'.

    This is a useful set of words for blending practice. Care should be taken to give the children only the words that use the letter sounds that have been taught.

  • Words ending in '-le' - print letters

    This is a useful set of words for blending practice. Care should be taken to give the children only the words that use the letter sounds that have been taught.